Your Favourite Martyr: Bhagat Singh | Essay Writing
Introduction – Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907 in a Sikh family in village Banga in the Lyallpur district of Punjab. His family had been actively involved in the Indian independence movement and patriotism flowed in his blood.
Early life – As a child, Bhagat Singh was enrolled at Dayanand Anglo Vedic school in Lahore. There he came into contact with some well-known political leaders like Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose. In 1919, when the Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place, Bhagat Singh was barely 12 years old.
Became Revolutionary – At the age of 14, he was one of those who welcomed protestors against the killing of a large number of unarmed people at Gurudwara Nankana Sahib on 20th February 1921. He also participated actively in the Mahatma Gandhi-led Non – Cooperation movement in 1921 against British rule. When Bapu suspended the movement in 1922, Bhagat Singh was greatly disappointed and realized that the armed revolution was the only practical way of winning freedom.
Bhagat Singh joined the young revolutionary movement and began to advocate for the violent overthrow of the British from India.
In 1923, he joined the National College in Lahore, founded by Lala Lajpat Rai. There he met revolutionaries such as Bhagwat charan, Sukhdev, and others. In 1926, he formed the Indian Nationalist youth organization or ‘ Naujawan Bharat Sabha ‘. In1928 attended a meeting of revolutionaries in Delhi and came into contact with Chandrashekhar Azad. The two formed ‘ Hindustan Samajwadi Prajatantra Sangha.
In 1928, the British government set- up the Simon Commission to report on the political situation in India. The Indian political parties boycotted the commission for it did not have a single Indian on its panel.
While protesting against the Simon Commission, Lala Lajpat Rai was brutally ‘ lathi-charged ‘ and some days later died of a heart attack, which was thought to have been triggered by the shock of the incident.
Bhagat Singh was determined to avenge his mentor’s death by shooting the British official responsible for the killing, Deputy Inspector General Scott. He shot down Assistant Superintendent Saunders instead, mistaking him for Scott. He, later fled Lahore to escape arrest.
On 8th April 1929, Bhagat Singh along with his accomplice Batukeshwar Dutt threw two bombs in Central Assembly Hall while it was in session, shouting slogans of’ Inquilab Zindabad’. They were then arrested. In jail, he went on hunger strike to protest the inhuman treatment meted out to Indian political prisoners. In 1930, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were awarded death sentences by a special tribunal.
Despite numerous appeals by political leaders of India, Bhagat Singh and his associates were hanged in the early hours of 23rd March 1931. Bhagat Singh’s death inspired thousands of youth to assist in the freedom struggle. After his hanging, youth in regions around Northern India rioted in protest against the British Raj.
Conclusion – He was voted the ‘ Greatest Indian ‘ in a poll by the magazine India Today in 2008, ahead of Bose and Gandhi. Besides this, several films have been made capturing his life and heroic struggle. To conclude, Bhagat Singh is a national hero that refuses to fade away from the memory of the genuine patriots of the country.